|Grateful Dead leader Garcia, 53, dies
of apparent heart attack
Joe Traver / Reuters
Jerry Garcia performing during the band's 1993 concert tour stop at Rich Stadium in
Garcia's death shakes cyberspace
Grateful Dead a business success
By Steve Hochman Special to the Los Angeles Times
Grateful Dead founder Jerry Garcia, the enduring musical guru
for legions of loyal fans over four decades, died early Wednesday morning, just a week
after his 53rd birthday. Garcia died of an apparent heart attack while under treatment at
a drug rehabilitation facility in Novato, Calif., where he was reportedly attempting to
end a recurring heroin habit. His body was found in his room by a counselor at the
Serenity Knolls drug rehabilitation center. Attempts to revive him failed.
Grateful Dead spokesman Dennis McNally said the surviving band members were "all in
shock." They declined to give interviews.
"We loved the man, and he's gone," McNally said. "The one thing I'm
clinging on to is that when he went into the facility he didn't tell any of us. He just
wanted to regain his health. He went out wanting to get healthy and making a commitment to
his art. That's the way I'm going to remember him."
Contemporary musicicans joined fans, known world-wide as "Deadheads," in
mourning the serene singer and guitarist.
"There's no way to measure his greatness or magnitude as a person or as a
player," said singer-songwriter Bob Dylan who toured with the Grateful Dead in 1988.
"He really had no equal. His playing was moody, awesome, sophisticated, hypnotic and
subtle. There's no way to convey the loss."
Garcia's death leaves uncertain the future for the most direct musical and cultural link
to San Francisco's '60s hippie heyday. Through the intervening years and sweeping social
upheavals, the Dead and its following not only survived, but flourished.
That phenomenon was evident in the thousands of tie-dye-clad fans -- kids and adults --
who followed the band around the country, reveling in both a communal spirit and the
band's lithe, long improvisational mix of rock, blues, country and folk. To those who were
not fans, the attraction of a Grateful Dead show was a mystery, but to those who were it
was a near-religious event.
A live Grateful Dead album, titled "Hundred Year Hall" and recorded last year in
Germany, had been tentatively scheduled for release in October, and the group had been
working on its first album of new studio recordings since 1989. The status of both
projects is now uncertain.
Many fans and associates Wednesday said they could not imagine the Dead continuing without
Garcia, but McNally said no decision about the band's future would be made immediately.
The group has survived other deaths -- Ron "Pigpen" McKernan of liver disease in
1972; his replacement, Keith Godchaux, in a car crash shortly after leaving the band in
1980, and his successor, Brent Mydland, of a drug overdose in 1989. Garcia had a long
history of health problems stemming from a combination of drug use, cigarette smoking,
diabetes, an inability to keep his weight in check and the stress of the grueling tour
schedule of the Grateful Dead.
For years, Dead tours have ranked among the top concert attractions in the U.S. In 1994
the group grossed $52.4 million in concerts, ranking that trek as the eighth biggest such
tour in the United States. Through the first half of 1995, grosses reached $29.3 million.
Garcia nearly died in 1986 after lapsing into a diabetes-related coma. He made attempts
after that to improve his health, taking up scuba diving and improving his diet, but his
efforts were inconsistent. A 1991 tour was postponed after Garcia collapsed from
Garcia's stay in the rehab center was in preparation for the band's planned fall tour.
His final show with the Dead was July 9 at Chicago's Soldier Field stadium, concluding a
spring tour that had been marred by several incidents involving fans, including a
rock-throwing confrontation with police in Noblesville, Ind., earlier in July and the
death of several Deadheads camping out before a concert when a porch they were dancing on
Born Aug. 1, 1942, in San Francisco as Jerome John Garcia, the son of a band leader, he
was active in the San Francisco Bay Area folk and bluegrass scene of the early-'60s and
founded a rock band called the Warlocks in 1965.
The following year the group -- at the time also including guitarist Bob Weir, bassist
Phil Lesh, keyboard player McKernan and drummer Bill Kreutzmann -- became the Grateful
Dead and was established as the house band for the psychedelic drug-fueled "Acid
Test" parties, as chronicled in Tom Wolfe's book, "The Electric Kool-Aid Acid
The group signed to Warner Bros. Records and released its first album in 1967. Perhaps the
best albums were the early-'70s, country-flavored releases "Workingman's Dead"
and "American Beauty," with Garcia and lyricist Robert Hunter crafting songs
that tapped into the American frontier and underdog ethos.
But fans generally agree that no recordings ever captured the feeling of a concert, even
the numerous concert recordings. Its live shows made the Dead a legend -- as summed up in
the oft-used fan-coined slogan, "There's nothing like a Grateful Dead concert."
At the center was always Garcia's fluid guitar playing, weaving a tapestry as colorful as
the fans' garb. The music at the shows, often held in festival-type settings, often
devolved into unstructured jams which served as a sinewy soundtrack for a vivid tableau of
free-form dancing fans.
Though albums became more sporadic after the '70s, one, "In the Dark" in 1987,
spawned the band's only Top 10 hit. The song "Touch of Grey," featured the
Garcia-sung chorus proclaiming "I will survive."
Garcia often toured with his side-project, the Jerry Garcia Band, helping Deadheads fill
the time between Dead treks. Garcia also was active in the group's Rex Foundation, a
philanthropic organization that gave grants to a variety of cultural, social and
Garcia is survived by his third wife, filmmaker Deborah Koons, whom he married last year;
and four daughters, Heather, 32, Annabelle, 25, Teresa, 21, and Keelin, 7.
Plans were incomplete for any private funeral services or public memorial observance.
Copyright 1995, The Detroit News