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Old Hybrid Tea
"Chinas--selectively bred from R. chinensis--had been grown in Chinese gardens long
before the Occident knew anything about them. The agent of their first appearance in the
West is under some dispute, with claims being made for Sweden, Britain, and Italy. A pink
form and a red form entered commerce in the West in the 1790's, and breeding quickly got
underway, particularly in France and, to some degree, Italy. The reasons for their quick
popularity were primarily their continuous bloom and, at least initially, the then-current
rage for things Oriental. Their main difficulty was their lack of cold-hardiness. Chinas
typically make, bushy, twiggy plants, often quite irregular in outline, and range in color
from deepest red and maroon through pink to white. Some hybridized with the Teas show warm
tones of yellow, saffron, salmon, and orange. The China group has long been considered a
refuge for "decoratives" as opposed to exhibition roses; cultivars of Tea
parentage which did not show the blossom-form expected of Teas would be offered as Chinas.
`Cramoisi Superieur', `Parsons' Pink China', `Eugene de Beauharnais', `Archiduc Charles',
`Ducher', `Nemesis', `Mme. Eugene Resal', `Arethusa', and the green rose
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