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Old Hybrid Tea
Floribundas were produced by crossing Polyantha roses with Hybrid Teas in the 1920's and
1930's. Dines and Svend Poulsen, two Danish brothers, concentrated on breeding cold hardy
roses from Dwarf Polyanthas, Polyanthas, and Ramblers. Svend Poulsen bred the Dwarf
Polyantha Orleans Rose with the Hybrid Tea 'Red Star'. Two excellent seedlings resulted
(Else Poulsen, a pink semi-double, and Kirsten Poulsen, a red single) and were introduced
in 1924. Both have large flowers borne in clusters and are remontant. Breeding continued
and other Poulsen roses were introduced in the decade that followed. The most famous is
the red Karen Poulsen, introduced in 1932. The roses bred by the Poulsens and other
breeders following their example were classified as Hybrid Polyanthas. The class was
renamed Floribunda in 1952 and is one of the most important rose classes. Taller growing
Floribundas (many with classic Hybrid Tea blooms) are classified as Grandiflora roses in America.
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